What You Need to Know About the Inequality of the “Equality Act”


Sarah Kramer

In response to the Supreme Court’s disappointing ruling against Harris Funeral Homes earlier this week, some U.S. Senators attempted to bypass the committee process and force a vote on the deceptively named “Equality Act.”

The legislation, which was introduced in March 2019, never passed the Senate. But with the Supreme Court ruling that decreed “sex” in Title VII includes “sexual orientation” and “gender identity,” these Senators are trying to resurrect the controversial bill.

And while the “Equality Act” may initially sound nice to some ears, this bill actually poses a devastating and unprecedented threat to religious freedom and the progress that women have made toward true equal treatment in law and culture.

ADF General Counsel Kristen Waggoner put it this way: “Emboldened by the U.S. Supreme Court’s problematic decision Monday, some activists want to con Americans into believing that disagreement on important matters such as marriage and human sexuality is a form of discrimination that requires the government to enforce one view over another, but that is antithetical to a free society.”

Let’s take a more in-depth look at this legislation and its ramifications.

What is the “Equality Act”?

The “Equality Act”—in its simplest form—adds “sexual orientation” and “gender identity” as protected classes to already existing federal nondiscrimination laws. This would prohibit employers, individuals who rent out apartments in their homes, preschools, and even religious schools and organizations from making choices based on basic biology, bodily privacy, and their beliefs about the nature of marriage. It would apply to every single recipient of federal financial assistance (including every public school and almost all colleges and universities.) And though “nondiscrimination” sounds good in the abstract, in practice this law poses a serious threat to women’s rights and religious freedom.

How would the “Equality Act” threaten women’s rights?

The “Equality Act” would force women to share private spaces with men.

In Alaska, the city of Anchorage attempted to use a similar law to force a women’s shelter to allow men who identify as women to sleep just three feet away from women who have experienced rape, sex trafficking, and domestic violence. The “Equality Act” would also open up shower facilities, restrooms, and locker rooms to members of the opposite sex in schools—as has already happened in Pennsylvania in the Boyertown Area School District.

In Decatur, Georgia, a young girl was sexually molested in her school restroom by a boy who was allowed in as a result of the type of policy that the “Equality Act” would force on the whole nation.

The “Equality Act” would also undermine the purpose of Title IX.

Title IX was created to ensure equal opportunities for women in education. The “Equality Act” would destroy many of those opportunities. Among other consequences, the “Equality Act” would allow male athletes who identify as female to compete in women’s and girls’ athletic competitions. We’ve already seen the effects of this across the country.

At a Connecticut state track meet, two biological males identifying as girls beat out the female competitors in several events, taking first and second place. In fact, these males have taken medals from girls in meet after meet. As one girl said, “Why even try?” In Alaska, the same happened—a biological male competed as a girl at the state championship and won.

How would the “Equality Act” threaten religious freedom?

The “Equality Act” would threaten individuals, business owners, and non-profit organizations that simply want to live and work according to their faith by forcing them to express messages or promote events that violate their deeply held religious convictions.

It also would forbid churches and religious nonprofits from requiring their employees to live out their religious beliefs about marriage, sexual morality, and the distinction between the sexes. They would be required to open their sex-specific facilities to members of the opposite sex. For one Massachusetts church, that would mean it would have to open its women’s shelter for victims of domestic violence to males.

The “Equality Act” would threaten religious foster care and adoption agencies with closure if they operate according to their beliefs that the best place for a child is a home with a married mother and father. In New York, the state is using a sexual orientation, gender identity regulation—similar to the “Equality Act”—to shutter the adoption services of New Hope Family Services, which has been placing children in loving homes for over 50 years.

It would threaten creative professionals and other business owners who simply what to live and work according to their beliefs. Promotional printer Blaine Adamson respectfully declined to create shirts with a message promoting an LGBT pride festival, while offering to connect the customer to another printer who would create the requested shirts. The customer then filed a discrimination complaint against Blaine, and a local human rights commission ordered him to undergo diversity training.

The “Equality Act” would also force individuals to speak messages that violate their beliefs under the threat of punishment. Dr. Nicholas Meriwether was punished by Shawnee State University for declining to refer to a male student by female pronouns. He offered to refer to the student by first or last name only, in order to respect both the student and his own beliefs, but this did not satisfy the University, which still punished him.

What about the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA)—doesn’t that provide some protection for these groups?

If you’re not already concerned about the scope and reach of the “Equality Act,” here’s another issue.

In the past, similar proposals have claimed to respect the concerns of the religious community and the LGBT community, offering a few narrow exemptions for religious freedom. But the “Equality Act” offers no exemptions for religious freedom. In addition, the bill would forbid religious individuals and organizations even to invoke the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The faithful would be virtually powerless in the face of a bill designed to punish them for living out their beliefs.

Does that sound like equal treatment to you?

Essentially, the “Equality Act” gives people of faith an ultimatum: Change your faith-based practices or face government punishment.

The Bottom Line

Laws must respect freedom and promote justice for every citizen, no matter who they are. A society that protects everyone’s freedom to peacefully live according to their beliefs promotes an environment of mutual respect among Americans from all walks of life.

But that is not what the “Equality Act” does. Instead, it threatens Americans’ fundamental liberties. And that is something no American should stand for.

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