In Targeting a Christian School for Its Beliefs, the Government Is Harming Low-Income Students


Alliance Defending Freedom

School voucher programs provide low-income families with schooling options for their children. That is, unless these families live in Maryland and want to send their students to a private school that holds beliefs that the government doesn’t like.

There, state officials are targeting a Christian school because of its beliefs—and they are harming low-income students in the process.

That’s why this school is fighting back. Here’s the full story.

Who: Bethel Christian Academy and the students it serves

Bethel Christian Academy is a private Christian school that serves more than 250 students in pre-K through eighth grade. It’s mission is “to create an authentic Christian learning community to train students to know, love, and serve the Lord Jesus Christ, and to equip them spiritually and academically to be lights to the world.”

And the staff at Bethel is dedicated to this mission not only during school hours, but also outside of school hours. On top of a quality education, Bethel provides before- and after-school programs where students can have meals, work on their homework, and participate in activities while their parents are at work.

Bethel Christian Academy is also dedicated to serving children from diverse backgrounds—with students from over 40 different nations, children who recently immigrated to the United States, and families with different or no religious affiliations. Around 80 percent of the school’s students are from minority populations, and over 20 percent are eligible to receive financial aid from the state.

Students at Bethel Christian Academy in Maryland

It is because of Bethel’s reputation of providing an excellent education in a diverse, faith-based environment that many of these families choose to send their children to Bethel. And some are only able to do so because of the state voucher program—called BOOST.

But in August 2018, families who received financial aid from the state voucher program received some unexpected news. The state informed these families—only weeks before classes started—that they would no longer be able to use that financial aid at Bethel Christian Academy, leaving many of them scrambling to enroll their students in a different school.

The state also demanded that Bethel pay back the more than $100,000 it had received from families using BOOST funding, which is a serious financial hardship for a small private school like Bethel.

What: Bethel Ministries v. Salmon

Bethel Christian Academy had participated in the BOOST program for two years before the state decided it was no longer eligible.

So what changed?

It certainly wasn’t Bethel. In the two years that Bethel participated in the program, and when Maryland kicked it out of the program, Bethel fully complied with ALL of the BOOST program requirements.

But apparently the state didn’t like what it saw in Bethel Christian Academy’s student handbook.

In addition to stating its belief that marriage is between a man and a woman (it is run by a church, after all), the handbook also requires that students comply with its faith-based conduct standards. These standards include the requirement that students do not engage in any sexual conduct. Keep in mind – Bethel serves only pre-K through 8th grade students. That means all of its students are under the age of consent.

Still, the state disqualified Bethel from the BOOST program, claiming the school violated the requirement that “all participating schools must agree that they will not discriminate in student admissions on the basis of race, color, national origin, or sexual orientation.”

But that is simply not true. Bethel admits any qualified student applicant, Christian or not. And it has never, and will never, discriminate against an applicant based on an applicant’s sexual orientation.

It is clear that the state made this decision based solely on its opposition to Bethel’s religious beliefs about marriage.

And that is unconstitutional.

In its Trinity Lutheran decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the state cannot treat religious organizations and people worse than everyone else, and the state cannot exclude them from generally available public benefits, simply because of their beliefs.

That’s why Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF) filed a lawsuit against Maryland on behalf of Bethel Christian Academy.

When: June 2019 - Present

Bethel Ministries, with the help of ADF, filed a federal lawsuit against the state in June 2019. On October 31, 2019, Bethel asked the court to stop the state from punishing the school for its beliefs while this lawsuit continues. And in November 2019, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a statement of interest in the case in support of Bethel.

Where: Maryland

Bethel Christian Academy is located in Savage, Maryland—which is in the Baltimore area.

Why: To stand up for the low-income kids who want the chance to learn in a diverse, faith-based environment

Bethel has tried to fill the gap that the state left. It has offered more money in financial aid to help parents cover the cost. It abandoned plans for building upgrades. And it stopped hiring new teachers and is holding off on backfilling vacant positions.

Unfortunately, that still hasn’t been enough for the low-income families that rely on the BOOST program to send their children to the school of their choosing.

Despite Bethel’s best efforts, multiple families have had to leave Bethel and find a new school for their students to attend. One working mother of three says the school she had to send her children to is nowhere near as good as Bethel.

But the state of Maryland doesn’t care. It’s determined to punish Bethel Christian Academy for not falling in line with its ideological agenda—at any cost. And that includes the well-being of the children Bethel serves.

The Bottom Line

The government shouldn’t be able to treat religious schools worse than everyone else simply because it dislikes the schools’ beliefs. If the government is permitted to do so, it’s the students that suffer the consequences.

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